20 Jul, 21
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) | Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
Last Updated: 20 Jul, 21 / By: REYO
What is PMS?
Your menstruation usually starts with some combination of physical, emotional and behavioural symptoms. Those symptoms appear after your ovulation and before menstruation of your menstrual cycle (usually 5 to 11 days before your periods). More than 90% of menstruating women are affected by PMS. Menstrual pain has been confused with PMS. Dysmenorrhea or period pain is one of the symptoms of menstrual cramps. But, the symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome are not the same as Dysmenorrhea.
Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome:
The exact cause of PMS is difficult to diagnose, but some factors may affect PMS by worsening it.
- Being under lots of stress and depression.
- Hormonal changes or fluctuations during the menstrual cycle.
- Not enough sleep.
- Smoking and drinking too much alcohol.
- Family history of Premenstrual Syndrome.
There are many potential symptoms of PMS, but most women may experience only a few of them. Some women may not experience any symptoms. PMS symptoms may vary from mild to severe. It includes physical, emotional and behavioural symptoms as,
Emotional & Behavioural Symptoms:
- Anxiety and tension
- Stress and depression
- Being overwhelmed
- Sadness, over-sensitive and crying
- Mood swings and irritability
- Problem in sleeping
- Out of control and anger outbursts
- Losing concentration and memory
- Being tired
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- Obesity or weight gain
- Muscle and joint pains
- Sore and tender breasts
- Acne and other skin problems
- Diarrhoea or constipation
- Appetite changes
Diagnosis & Treatment:
PMS usually diagnosed by self-screenings of the symptoms. There are no specific findings or tests to diagnose PMS. Some other conditions may be mistaken as PMS. You doctor or healthcare provider may provide a clear diagnosis.
Most women get relief from premenstrual syndrome through some lifestyle changes. PMS treatment usually depends on the severity of the symptoms. If the symptoms are severe it should be treated clinically. Your doctor may suggest OTC and prescription medications.
Home Remedies for PMS:
- Reduce salt in your diet.
- Eat vegetables, fruits and whole grains.
- Dairy products help with increasing calcium level.
- Caffeine should be avoided.
- Yoga and breathing exercises help to reduce anxiety and depression.
- Enough sleeping helps with fatigue and stress.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol.
- Reduced intake of refined sugar.
- Having balanced diets.
- Drink plenty of water.